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7 Things to Keep in Mind While Paying Advance Tax in India

Tue Jun 06 2023

Adhering to the obligation of paying advance tax is indispensable for individuals and businesses operating within India's jurisdiction. By meeting this responsibility, they contribute to a regular and steady flow of income for the government throughout the financial year rather than relying on year-end settlements. To offer comprehensive insights, this article will expand upon seven crucial factors that necessitate careful consideration when undertaking advance tax payments in India.

1. Comprehensive Understanding of Advance Tax

Advance tax constitutes a portion of your overall taxes and must be paid before the end of the financial year. This tax system follows a "pay-as-you-earn" principle, where individuals estimate their annual income and pay taxes accordingly. The Income Tax Act 1961 mandates that taxpayers make an estimation of their total income and tax liability for the year and pay their taxes in advance at specified intervals throughout the financial year.

2. Identification of Advance Tax Obligation

As per Section 208 of the Income Tax Act, advance tax applies to taxpayers whose tax liability for the year exceeds Rs. 10,000. This rule applies to both individuals and businesses, including professionals. However, senior citizens who do not have income from business or profession are exempted from paying advance tax, irrespective of their tax liability.

3. Accurate Calculation of Advance Tax Liability

To calculate the advance tax liability, it is necessary to estimate the total income for the financial year. It includes income from various sources such as salary, interest, capital gains, rental income, and business or professional income. Deductions under Chapter VI-A, such as investments made in tax-saving instruments, should also be considered. After estimating the total income, applicable tax rates can be applied to determine the tax liability for the year.

4. Timely Payment of Advance Tax

Advance tax payments must be made in instalments at specified due dates throughout the financial year. The scheduled dates for both corporate and non-corporate taxpayers are as follows:

It is important to note that if the due date falls on a day when banks are closed, the payment should be made immediately following the working day.

5. Multiple Modes of Advance Tax Payment

There are three modes available for paying advance tax: offline, online, and using income tax software. In the offline mode, individuals can pay advance tax using tax payment challans at authorised bank branches. The online mode allows taxpayers to pay advance tax through the official website of the Income Tax Department. Additionally, various tax software, such as TaxNodes, provide a convenient and efficient way to file advance taxes and other taxes.

6. Consequences of Non-payment or Inadequate Payment

Failure to pay advance tax or an inadequate amount can result in penalties and interest charges. According to Section 234B of the Income Tax Act, if the advance tax paid is less than 90% of the assessed tax or if no advance tax is paid, simple interest at 1% per month is levied on the shortfall amount. Additionally, Section 234C stipulates that interest is levied on non-payment or short payment of quarterly instalments of advance tax.

7. Importance of Maintaining Records and Filing Returns

It is crucial to maintain accurate records of income, expenses, and taxes paid throughout the financial year. This enables individuals to estimate their advance tax liability accurately and ensures compliance with tax laws. Timely filing income tax returns is essential to reconcile tax payments and claim applicable refunds. Filing returns provides a complete and transparent view of an individual's financial activities to the tax authorities.


The significance of paying advance tax cannot be overstated when it comes to ensuring tax compliance in India. By acquiring a profound understanding of the complex regulations that govern advance tax, accurately evaluating income, and making timely payments, individuals and businesses can effectively fulfil their tax responsibilities while sidestepping the repercussions of penalties. By keeping these seven fundamental factors at the forefront of their minds, individuals and businesses can navigate the advanced tax payment process smoothly and effortlessly. Embracing a proactive approach to adhere to these guidelines cultivates a solid and resilient financial system, playing a pivotal role in propelling the overall progress and prosperity of the nation.

byAditi Mendiratta

Aditi is a corporate lawyer with a knack for writing that ranges from fictional stories to long-form legal content. Armed with a dual degree in law and mass communication, she aspires to put words to their best use to inform, educate and entertain.

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