How to Pay Tax on Crypto Arbitrage Trading in India?
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How to Pay Tax on Crypto Arbitrage Trading in India?

Wed Jun 07 2023

Crypto arbitrage trading is a popular strategy among cryptocurrency enthusiasts. It involves buying and selling digital currencies on different exchanges to take advantage of price differences. By doing this, individuals can make profits from the variations in asset prices across various platforms. Whether it's stocks, commodities, currencies, or futures contracts, the idea is to buy assets on one exchange and sell them on another exchange where the prices are higher.

In India, crypto trading refers to buying and selling cryptocurrencies to make a profit. This can be done through different exchanges, both within the country and internationally. It's important to understand that crypto trading involves actually owning the cryptocurrency rather than trading derivatives which means that crypto trading involves actual delivery. According to the Income Tax Act of 1961, cryptocurrencies are subject to taxation in India, specifically under Section 115BBH. In this blog, we will explore the taxation of crypto arbitrage trading in India, providing insights into the tax implications of this type of trading.

When does Tax Liability Arise?

In India, if you earn income from a Virtual Digital Asset (VDA) transfer, your income will be taxed at a rate of 30% (plus a 4% cess). The government has also clarified that profits made from crypto trading fall under this taxation bracket. Moreover, a 1% Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) will be deducted on the sale of crypto assets exceeding ₹50,000 (or even ₹10,000 in some cases) within the same financial year.

How to Calculate Your Crypto Taxes?

To accurately calculate your crypto taxes, keeping a record of all your crypto trades is essential. This includes noting down the date, time, price, and volume of each trade. Calculating your profits involves subtracting the cost of each trade from the sale price. For instance, if you buy 1 Bitcoin for ₹500,000 and sell it for ₹600,000, your profit would amount to ₹100,000. You would then be liable to pay taxes on this profit at a rate of 30% (plus a 4% cess on the tax amount, i.e. 30%), resulting in a tax amount of ₹31,200.

How to Pay Your Crypto Taxes?

To fulfil your tax obligations, you can pay crypto taxes by filing an Income Tax Return (ITR) with the Indian government. For crypto trading, you need to file ITR 2 form. It is necessary to report your TDS payments using Form 26AS. You have the option to file your ITR online or seek assistance from a tax consultant to ensure proper compliance.

Tips for Paying Crypto Taxes

Here are a few helpful tips to make the process of paying crypto taxes in India more manageable:

  • Maintain a comprehensive record of all your crypto trades.
  • Ensure accurate calculation of your profits.
  • Meet your tax payment deadlines promptly.
  • Utilise tax calculators or software, such as TaxNodes, to simplify the tax calculation process.
  • Seek guidance from a tax consultant if you require assistance.


As crypto arbitrage trading gains popularity in India, it's crucial for traders to understand and fulfil their tax obligations. By adhering to the tax regulations and following the guidelines provided in this blog, you can ensure a smooth process for paying taxes on your crypto arbitrage trading activities. Remember to keep proper records, calculate your profits accurately, pay your taxes on time, and seek professional assistance when needed. Stay informed and compliant to make your crypto trading journey in India a successful and lawful one.

Astik Dubey

byAstik Dubey

Astik is a law student diving deep into indirect Tax and business law. With a flair for business writing and a special interest in crypto taxation, he turns complexity into captivating articles. Join his enlightening blog, where law and business intersect.

  • Astik Dubey
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