What are Pegged Value Crypto Assets?
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What are Pegged Value Crypto Assets?

Tue Jun 13 2023

Cryptocurrency and volatility are synonymous with each other; therefore, the volatile nature of such virtual digital assets has always been a significant concern for investors worldwide. The unpredictable fluctuations in value have hindered the widespread adoption and usage of digital currencies for everyday transactions. To address this issue, the concept of pegged value crypto assets has gained significant traction in recent times. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of pegging as it relates to virtual digital assets.

Before we delve into the concept of pegged value crypto assets, it's essential to understand the concept of pegging in a financial context. In traditional finance, pegging refers to the act of linking the value of a currency or an asset to the value of another currency or asset. This is done to establish a fixed rate of exchange. Pegging has been used throughout history by nations to overcome problems of unpredictability in determining the value of their currencies. The practice promotes trade and foreign investment by providing stability to the state's national currency.

Pegging in the Crypto Context

With respect to crypto, pegging refers to linking the value of a cryptocurrency to the value of a specific fiat currency, commodity, or other tradable asset. This is achieved through encryption-secured digital mediums of exchange, commonly known as pegged-value crypto assets. The value of these assets fluctuates in the same direction and to the same degree as the currency or asset to which they are pegged. The most common pegged value crypto assets are linked to the US dollar (USD), mirroring the trend in traditional economics.

How Does Pegging Crypto Work?

Pegging crypto assets involves establishing an exchange rate between the cryptocurrency and the fiat currency or asset it is pegged to. This exchange rate is typically set at a 1:1 ratio, but variations can exist depending on the project. To maintain the peg, project owners need to hold a sufficient amount of reserves in the pegged currency or asset. This ensures that the cryptocurrency can be redeemed for the pegged value at any given time. The reserves can consist of cash, cash-equivalent assets, or a combination of both. The challenge lies in holding a significant amount of reserves while ensuring the stability and value of the cryptocurrency.

Examples of Pegged Value Crypto Assets

Numerous pegged-value crypto assets have emerged in recent years, each with its own unique approach and underlying pegging mechanism. Let's explore some prominent examples in the crypto market:

Tether (USDT)

Tether (USDT) is one of the most well-known and widely used pegged-value crypto assets. It is pegged to the US dollar, with a 1:1 ratio maintained between the two currencies. Tether is designed to provide stability and serve as a reliable medium of exchange in the crypto ecosystem. The project aims to keep the exchange rate as close as possible to 1 US dollar at all times. Tether is available on various blockchains, including Ethereum, Algorand, Tron, and more.

Digix Gold (DGX)

Digix Gold (DGX) is a unique pegged value crypto asset that is pegged to gold. Each DGX token represents a specific amount of gold, with one token equaling one gram of gold. This approach combines the stability and intrinsic value of gold with the benefits of blockchain technology. The physical gold backing the DGX tokens is securely stored in a vault in Singapore, providing transparency and assurance to token holders.


Petro is an interesting example of a state-owned pegged cryptocurrency. Introduced by the Venezuelan government, Petro was intended to be backed by the country's oil reserves. Each Petro was pegged to one barrel of oil, providing a tangible asset as the underlying value. While Petro faced significant controversies and challenges, it paved the way for exploring government-backed cryptocurrencies and the potential use of tangible assets as pegs.

Security-backed cryptocurrencies

In addition to fiat currency and commodities, cryptocurrencies can be pegged to securities. Companies like Polymath and Gibraltar offer platforms for tokenising securities, enabling the creation of security-backed stablecoins. These stablecoins represent ownership of securities and provide investors with a regulated and transparent way to trade and invest in traditional financial assets.


Pegged value crypto assets offer a compelling solution to the volatility concerns associated with regular cryptocurrencies. By linking the value of a cryptocurrency to a stable fiat currency, commodity, or asset, pegged assets provide stability, usability, and protection against market fluctuations. However, these assets also come with their own set of challenges, including reliance on centralised entities, counterparty risk, and regulatory hurdles. As the crypto ecosystem continues to evolve, it will be interesting to see how pegged-value crypto assets shape the future of digital finance.

byAditi Mendiratta

Aditi is a corporate lawyer with a knack for writing that ranges from fictional stories to long-form legal content. Armed with a dual degree in law and mass communication, she aspires to put words to their best use to inform, educate and entertain.

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