Loan Amortization Calculator

Generally, individuals seek out different kinds of loans. However, whether you use them to buy a home, a car or a personal loan for other purposes, most loans have two things in common: they are provided for a specified period, and a predetermined interest rate is charged over your payback period.

Consequently, by understanding the loan amortisation schedule, you will be better positioned to make sensible financial judgments and wiser choices, such as making extra payments to pay off your loan more quickly.

What is Loan Amortisation?

Divining the loan amount into several predetermined instalments is called loan amortisation. Every monthly instalment payment has two components: a portion that goes towards the principal amount and another towards interest. 

A loan amortisation schedule shows the essential details regarding the loan taken and how the borrower will have to repay it. This schedule typically contains a complete list of all the monthly instalments that must be made during the loan duration. After completing each monthly payment, the borrower is also given the outstanding loan balance due so they may effectively plan for the future and make necessary financial decisions.

How does Loan Amortisation work?

When a borrower applies for a loan, three things must be determined: the loan amount, the specified time duration, and the interest rate. After a mutual agreement on these concerns, a payment schedule is prepared with the entire loan amount (including principal and interest) divided into Equated Monthly Instalments (EMI).

As soon as the borrower starts making EMI payments, the loan amortisation process begins, and it continues until the total outstanding amount has been paid off according to the amortisation plan.

What is a Loan Amortisation Calculator?

Based on the amortisation process, a periodic payment amount for a loan is calculated using an amortisation calculator. The principal loan amount, the agreed interest rate and the loan term are the three main variables that affect the amortisation repayment plan.

The number of payments made throughout the loan will be decided based on the repayment schedule, such as monthly, quarterly or yearly instalments. The loan amortisation calculator creates a table illustrating each periodic payment amount and its principal and interest components.

How is Loan Amortisation Calculated?

The total outstanding loan amount mutually agreed interest rate, and the total number of payments made each year are the three main variables that affect how an amortised loan is calculated. 

The mathematical formula for determining loan amortisation is as follows:

A = [i x P x (1 + i)n] / [(1 + i)n -1]


‘A’ demonstrates the Periodic Payment Amount

‘P’ refers to the principal amount of the loan taken

‘i’ signifies the agreed interest rate charged 

‘n’ refers to the total number of payments

How can an Amortisation Schedule be helpful?

The information a loan amortisation schedule provides can be used in various ways. For example, early principal payment can be easily made by knowing how much interest you will pay throughout the loan. 

Additional payments to reduce outstanding loan amounts also lower the number of future payments that must be made towards interest. Therefore, even a small payment increase might significantly affect future costs.

Final Words

Given the vast amount of principal and interest, particularly for home and vehicle loans, making a one-time payment towards the loan repayment might be demanding.

Also, your personal and financial goals may be impacted for years by making significant loan repayments. Thus, you can better organise your money using an amortisation schedule to manage loan repayments. This technique of compensation helps with the management of your debt in terms of priority.